SYMPTOMER/DIAGNOSER

2009

traumereaktioner afhænger ikke af traumet i sig selv

Psykolog Nyt

PTSD er i vore dage den officielle diagnose, der bruges om mennesker, der får svære psykiske eftervirkninger af en en- keltstående, voldsom eller skræmmende begivenhed (”et traume”).

Hent fil

2008

Psykoterapi for angstlidelser & unipolar depression

Psykolog Nyt

I slutningen af 2007 offentliggjorde Sundhedsstyrelsen to referenceprogrammer om angstlidelser og unipolar depression hos voksne.

Hent fil

2008

Association of Objective Measures of Trauma Exposure From Motor Vehicle Accidents and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms

Fujita, Goro & Nishida, Yasushi

Associations of objective measures of trauma exposure with psychological sequelae following motor vehicle accidents (MVA) were examined in a Japanese population. Impact and injury severity of 93 MVA victims was assessed using on-the-scene in-depth investigations measured by the Injury Severity Score (ISS), barrier equivalent speed (BES), and change in velocity during the impact (Delta-v). Results showed that...

Hent fil

2007

Referenceprogram for angstlidelser hos voksne

Sekretariatet for Referenceprogrammer

Formålet med referenceprogrammet er at sammenfatte og stille den seneste faglige viden/evidens og erfaring til rådighed for sundhedsvæsenet. Referenceprogrammet søger således at kortlægge, hvad der er ”god klinisk praksis” i patientbehandlingen, så denne viden kan indgå som pejlemærker og beslutningsstøtte i planlægning og tilrettelæggelsen af indsatsen for voksne med angstlidelser.

Hent fil

2007

Men kroppen husker

Psykolog Nyt

I de seksten år vi har udgivet Forskningsnyt fra Psykologi, har vi jævnligt bragt artikler om, hvordan der efter voldsomme, eventuelt livsfarlige oplevelser, kunne optræde psykiske følgevirkninger, som man tidligere har kaldt krisereaktioner, men som man nu om dage betegner med den internationale betegnelse PTSD, post en vedvarende, forstyrrende stresstilstand i kølvandet på en chokerende, traumatisk oplevelse.

Hent fil

2004

PTSD and Depression Following Trauma: Understanding Comorbidity

O'Donnell, Meaghan et al

While PTSD and comorbid PTSD/depression are indistinguishable, the findings support the existence of depression as a separate construct in the acute, but not the chronic, aftermath of trauma.

Hent fil

2003

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Berman, Lauren

Although Freud (Freud, 1906) described the impact of trauma on the psyche in his original works of the 19th century, it wasn’t until 1981 that Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was officially recognized as a valid disorder.

Hent fil

2001

The Neurophysiology Of Dissociation And Chronic Disease

Scaer, Robert C.

Dissociation as a clinical psychiatric condition has been defined primarily in terms of the fragmentation and splitting of the mind, and perception of the self and the body. Its clinical manifestations include altered perceptions and behavior, including derealization, depersonalization, distortions of perception of time, space and body and conversion hysteria...

Hent fil

2000

Acute Stress Disorder

(from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition)

When an individual who has been exposed to a traumatic event develops anxiety symptoms, reexperiencing of the event, and avoidance of stimuli related to the event lasting less than four weeks they may be suffering from this Anxiety Disorder.

Hent fil

2000

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

(from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition)

When an individual who has been exposed to a traumatic event develops anxiety symptoms, reexperiencing of the event, and avoidance of stimuli related to the event lasting more than four weeks, they may be suffering from this Anxiety Disorder.

Hent fil

2000

The Invisible Epidemic: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Memory and the Brain

Bremner, J. Douglas

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is something of an invisible epidemic. The events underlying it are often mysterious and always unpleasant. It is certainly far more widespread than most people realize. For example, a prime cause of PTSD is childhood sexual abuse. About 16% of American women (about 40 million) are sexually abused (including rape, attempted rape, or other form of molestation) before they reach their 18th birthday.

Hent fil

1997

Observations on traumatic stress utilizing the model of the

Scaer, Robert C.

In his book, Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self Allen Schore has outlined in exquisite detail the psychobiology of early childhood development involving maturation of orbitofrontal and limbic structures based on reciprocal experiences with the care giver...

Hent fil

1992

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

World Health Organization

This arises as a delayed and/or protracted response to a stressful event or situation (either short- or long- lasting) of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature, which is likely to cause pervasive distress in almost anyone (e.g. natural or man-made disaster, combat, serious accident, witnessing the violent death of others, or being the victim of torture, terrorism, rape, or other crime).

Hent fil

1992

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

World Health Organization

Enduring personality change may follow the experience of catastrophic stress. The stress must be so extreme that it is unnecessary to consider personal vulnerability in order to explain its profound effect on the personality. Examples include concentration camp experiences, torture, disasters, prolonged exposure to life-threatening circumstances...

Hent fil

1992

The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders

World Health Organization

In the early 1960s, the Mental Health Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) became actively engaged in a programme aiming to improve the diagnosis and classification of mental disorders. At that time, WHO convened a series of meetings to review knowledge, actively involving representatives of different disciplines, various schools of thought in psychiatry, and all parts of the world in the programme...

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[ukendt årstal]

Dissociation, Affect Dysregulation and Somatization

Kolk, Bessel A. van der

The complex nature of adaptation to trauma.

Hent fil

[ukendt årstal]

Om PTSD og andre diagnoser

oasis-rehab.dk

De mest almindelige psykiske symptomer blandt flygtninge er en kombination af posttraumatisk stressforstyrrelse (PTSD) og depression. PTSD blev første gang anerkendt som selvstændig diagnose i APA’s diagnoseliste DSM III i 1980. Den var et direkte resultat af den forskning, som fulgte i kølvandet af de psykiske lidelser, de amerikanske vietnamveteraner havde efter Vietnamkrigen. Diagnosen er senest blevet revideret i 1994, og kriterierne er følgende...

Hent fil

[ukendt årstal]

Criteria for PTSD

National Center for PTSD

In 2000, the American Psychiatric Association revised the PTSD diagnostic criteria in the fourth edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). The diagnostic criteria (Criterion A-F) are specified below.

Hent fil

[ukendt årstal]

PTSD

Donen, Jack

Det følgende er skrevet efter tsunamikatastrofen i december 2004, men kan ses som en generel oplysning og vejledning i forbindelse med chok-traume oplevelser.

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[ukendt årstal]

The Trauma Symptom Checklist

[ukendt forfatter]

How often have you experienced each of the following in the last two months?

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[ukendt årstal]

Personality Disorders

[ukendt forfatter]

This block includes a variety of clinically significant conditions and behaviour patterns which tend to be persistent and are the expression of an individual's characteristic lifestyle and mode of relating to self and others. Some of these conditions and patterns of behaviour emerge early in the course of individual development, as a result of both constitutional factors and social experience, while others are acquired later in life.

Hent fil

[ukendt årstal]

Introduction to Survival Strategies

Valent, Paul

This chapter introduces the concept of Survival Strategies. Survival Strategies are suggested to facilitate the recognition, naming, and making sense of the varied sequelae of traumatic events. They are like the colors refracted by a prism of white light. The colors add depth and dimension to what is relived and avoided in PTSD.

Hent fil

[ukendt årstal]

Affektive lidelser

Licht, Rasmus W.

Affektive sindslidelser er hyppige, oftest livslange sygdomme med et episodisk forløb. Selvom sygdommenes forløb kan modificeres betragteligt af behandling, er de almindeligvis forbundet med store personlige og sociale omkostninger. Sygdommene har en ganske betydelig overdødelighed, hovedsagelig på grund af selvmord.

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[ukendt årstal]

The Dissociation Capsule

Scaer, Robert C.

In my 30+ years of the practice of Neurology, I spent the last 20 as the medical director of a rehabilitation center, much of that directing a multidisciplinary chronic pain program. We routinely treated the most challenging patients, those whose physicians had basically given up their treatment in despair, and referred them to us.

Hent fil

[ukendt årstal]

The Response to Stress

McEwen, Bruce & Krahn, Dean

What do we mean when we say we are "stressed out"? We may just be having a bad day, or feeling pressured by too many things to do and too little time to do them. Or we may have had a fight with a friend or family member. Or our job may be getting to us - feeling that it is just a rat race without a purpose...

Hent fil